Asafoetida (Heeng) (Hing)

Behin Exir asafoetida is 100% pure and natural, and its moisture content is less than 16%. Our asafoetida is available in two types: bitter and sweet. The product analysis sheet (prepared by the laboratory certified by the National Iranian Standards Organization) is available and can be presented on demand.

Asafoetida got its name by combining the Persian word aza, meaning mastic or resin, and the Latin foetidus, meaning stink. It is the dried latex (gum oleoresin) exuded from the rhizome or top root of several species of Ferula. It is sold in blocks or pieces as gum and more frequently as a fine yellow powder, sometimes crystalline or granulated. Asafoetida is a perennial herb native to Afghanistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, India, and Pakistan. Iran and Afghanistan are the largest producers and suppliers of high-quality heeng, while India is the largest consumer and importer of heeng. Bitter asafoetida is usually found in the southern parts of Iran (such as Fars and Kerman provinces) but sweet asafoetida is found in Khorasan and Yazd provinces.

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Botanical nameFerula asafoetida
Family name: Umbelliferae

Botanical: The genus Ferula is the third largest genus of the family with 180 species. The species of this genus can be galbanum and asafoetida. There are about 15 Iranian exclusive species of this genus (Ferula), 9 Turkish exclusive species, 7 Chinese exclusive species, and 1 Italian exclusive species. It is a Monocarpic plant with a one-to-two-meter-high stem. The diameter of 4-to-5-year-old asafoetida root is between 10 and 12 cm and its length is 30 to 40 cm.
Kingdom: Plantae (plants)
Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants)
Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae/Umbelliferae (carrot family)
Genus: Ferula
Species: Foetida
Plant Part: oleoresin
Origin: Iran
Processing method: Twist the plant and then cut the transverse roots.

Color: grayish-white when fresh, darkening with age to yellow, red, and eventually brown

2Common names
• English: Asafoetida
• India: Hing, Heeng, Hengu, Hingu, Ingu, Inguva, Kayam, Perungayam, Perunkaya, Raamathan
• Afghanistan: Anguza, Kama
• Chinese: A-wei, 新疆阿魏, 阜康阿魏
• Vietnam: Angui
• Pakistan: Anjadana, Kama, Anguza
• Russia: Aсафетида
• Poland: Asafoetida, Zapaliczka Cuchnaca
• Germany: Asafoetida, Asafotida, Asant, Stinkasant, Teufelsdreck
• Denmark: Dyvelsdrak
• Greece: Aza
• Hungary: Ordoggyoker
• Sweden: Dyvelsträck
• Italy: Assafetida
• Norway: Dyvelsdrekk
• Spanish: Asafoetida
• French: Asa-foetida, Asafetide, Assa foetida, Ferule persique, Merde du diable, assaFerula
• Netherlands: Duivelsdrek, Afrikaans duiwelsdrek
• Finland: Asafoetida, Hajupihka, Pirunpaska, Pirunpihka
• Turkey: Şeytan tersi (devil's sweat), şeytan boku (devil's shit) or şeytanotu (the devil's herb) Şeytan bokosu
• Arabic: Haltit (Haltit)
• Japan: Agi Asahueteida
3Origin and history

Asafoetida is known as the “king of spice” and “green gold”. Asafoetida spice was one of the favorite flavorings of ancient Rome. It is also known as “Devil's Dung” and “Food of the Gods”. The earliest observations and documents of this plant date back to the 8th century BC, which is listed in the Babylonian Kings Garden List.

4Precautionary Measures

Asafoetida is not recommended for pregnant women and infants. Individuals with serious and chronic health issues should consult an expert prior to using spice. Caution: Keep out of reach of children. If you are pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition, please consult a health care practitioner prior to use. Skin sensitivity is possible. Do not apply to sensitive tissues. It is not intended for children under six years of age.

5Major constituents

E-1-propenyl sec-butyl disulfide, Z-1-propenyl sec-butyl disulfide, Guaiol, Carotol.

6Various Applications

Asafoetida is known to ease anxiety due to its sedative qualities and to help toothache, bad breathe, and gum bleeding. It is the best remedy for cough, cold, asthma, and chest congestion. It is an anti-flatulent and effective digestive aid. This particular essential oil features a carminative agent which will help in lowering gas through the body. The product actively works to reduce and sometimes remove the development of local microflora around the gut, therefore decreasing gas.
Reproductive system

It is a powerful spice used as a natural contraceptive. It will be of great assistance in treating dysmennorhea or painful menstruation, excessive bleeding, irregular or delayed periods, leucorrhea, nausea, fatigue, anxiety, and other symptoms associated with menses.

It is known to cure impotency, premature ejaculation, and spermatorrhoea in men by increasing the libido and also acts as an effective aphrodisiac. Asafoetida addresses male and female reproductive problems in a natural way. It can be used in treating sterility in women and premature labor. It is also effective in improving the quality and quantity of breast milk in nursing women. Post-pregnancy use period is recommended for relieving colic, indigestion, and other digestive difficulties in both the mother and the baby.
Respiratory system

Asafoetida has been proven effective in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, chest congestion, whooping cough, and other respiratory problems.
Digestive system

Asafoetida cleanses the intestinal flora and augments the digestive fire. It eliminates all kinds of stagnation in the gastrointestinal tract, relieves colic and cramping, and drives out intestinal gas. The strong herbaceous aroma of this spice assists in soothing the lining of the stomach and intestines, reducing distention, treating spasms, and increasing the appetite.
Oral health

Asafoetida spice has potent antimicrobial and antiseptic properties that aid in treating toothache, bleeding gums, bad breath or halitosis, and harmful cavities.
Entire system 

Asafoetida has been proven effective in stimulating the pancreatic cells to secrete more insulin, as improved insulin levels are known to bring down the blood sugar levels to normal.

This product is also used as a pesticide and insecticide for protecting crops from pests and for repelling mosquitoes and certain other insects.
Other Possible Health Uses of Asafoetida Gum

Asafoetida has numerous health uses, including antimicrobial for the treatment of skin issues as well as anti-inflammatory for relieving pimples and other minor inflammations.


Dry type packaging includes polyethylene bags and then cartons, but paste type packaging includes polyethylene bags and then in a plastic drum.

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Tear asafoetida (bitter and sweet):

This type of asafoetida is secreted from the plant by natural factors. It is the purest, the best, and the rarest form of asafoetida. Moreover, it is rounded or flattened, 5 to 30 mm in diameter, and greyish or dull yellow in color. It is without soil, shavings, and exterior materials. Its essential oil content is up to 15%.

Dried asafoetida (Kokh):

The exudate is excreted after the first cut (incision) on the top of the root and is completely clean and dried.

Mass asafoetida (bitter and sweet):

This type is a common and commercial form. It is available in two types of Shir and paste. Both types are available in refined and clean and unrefined forms. The percentage of sulfur compounds in bitter asafoetida is higher than that of sweet asafoetida.

Keshteh asafoetida (bitter and sweet) (XL):

This type includes a thin layer of the upper part of the root and its secretions. It is the cheapest type of asafoetida.

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